Tacitus, Agricola

In chapters 10-12 of the Agricola, Tacitus describes the positioning of Britain and its shape, which he believes is of ‘an oblong shield or battle-axe’. He then goes on to explain the origins of the Britons by using their physical characteristics; for example, those with red hair and large limbs are clearly of a German origin. He also takes interest in the weather of the island as well, by noting how Britain’s days are longer and have brighter nights than theirs. The Agricola was written in 98 AD and focused on the geography and ethnography of ancient Britain.